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  • Assess your spatial perception and other cognitive abilities.

  • Analyze the results with our neurocognitive test.

  • Train and strengethen your spatial perception and other cognitive functions. Give it a try!

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What is spatial perception?

Spatial perception is the ability to be aware of your relationships with the environment around you (exteroceptive processes) and with yourself (interoceptive processes). Spatial awareness is made up of two processes, the exteroceptives, which create representations about our space through feelings, and interoceptive processes, which create representations about our body, like its position or orientation. Space is what surrounds us: objects, elements, people, etc. Space also makes up part of our thinking, as it is where we join all of our experiences. In order to get proper information about the characteristics of our surroundings, we use two systems.

When we talk about spatial perception, it's usually understood as the "space" around us: objects, elements, people, etc. However, space also includes part of our thinking, as it is where we put all of our lived experiences together.

Good spatial awareness allows us to understand the environment and our relationship to it. Spatial perception also consists of understanding the relationship between two objects when there is a change in their position in space. It helps us think in two and three dimensions, which allows us to visualize objects from different angles and recognize them no matter the perspective that we see them from.

  • Visual system: The eye's visual receptors are located in the retina, in the back part of the eye. These receptors are responsible for sending the visual information that the eyes receive to the brain.
  • Haptic system: It is located around the body of a person and provides information regarding the position of the many parts of the body, the movement of the limbs, and the physical surface found in what is observed, like speed and stiffness.

The most prominent characteristic of this cognitive ability is that it allows us the ability to perceive our surroundings with shapes, sizes, distances, etc. Thanks to spatial perception, we can mentally reproduce objects in both 2D and 3D, and anticipate the changes in space.

Spatial Perception

Spatial perception is important and useful for people of all ages, as we are constantly using this cognitive ability. For example, when we walk, dress ourselves, or even draw. Poor spatial perception affects how we focus and understand our body's relationship to the environment. Another example would be that our spatial perception constantly works to prevent us from walking into walls, chairs, doors, etc. When we are driving, we have to be careful to stay in our lane and not jump the curb when we park. In these cases, we have to judge the distance, position, and dimension of other objects in relation to ourselves. Even when we want to go somewhere we've never been before we have to orient ourselves, which uses this cognitive skill.

When we develop spatial perception, we develop a spatial consciousness of the locations of things around us. To do this, it is necessary to understand the (up, down, on, below…).

Spatial perception may be affected in some developmental disorders like autism, Asperger's, cerebral palsy, as well as others. In these cases, the problem lies in the lack of understanding of their own body. In other words, the lack of spatial perception towards their body and the difficulty to interpret it as a whole.

Examples of spatial perception

The left hemisphere is in charge of developing this cognitive ability. This hemisphere is where math and spatial calculations are developed, which directly correlate to good spatial perception, spatial comprehension, and with ourselves in our environment. Let's imagine that a brain injury causes damage in our left hemisphere, this would cause problems with orientation, recognition, and interpretation, which means that our spatial perception would also be affected.

Pathologies and disorders associated with poor spatial perception

In summary, having good spatial perception is the ability to situate yourself, move around, orient yourself, make multiple decisions, analyze situations and representations of our surroundings and the relationship our body has with it.

Example: You decide to go to the new café in the mall. As you arrive, you take a look at the map. You are able to find the location of the café, and you arrive on time for an afternoon cappuccino. To interpret maps and symbols in 2D, we need spatial perception.

How can you measure and assess spatial perception

Example: We need spatial perception to organize boxes, books, or other objects on shelves or in a suitcase. We mentally assess the possible combinations of positions and choose the one that best suits our needs.

Example: When we have to choose a road or direction, we have to be able to choose the perspective that makes the most sense for what we need. To do this, we need to orient ourselves with one of two forms: Cartesian orientation, which uses cardinal directions (north, south, east, west), or use a point of reference. For the latter, you would choose a tree, house, or something else as a point of reference to be able to return to the place that you need to go.

How can you rehabilitate or improve spatial perception?

All cognitive skills, including spatial perception, can be trained to improve performance. CogniFit may help by offering personalized training programs.

Neuroplasticity is the basis for the rehabilitation of spatial perception and other cognitive abilities. CogniFit has a battery of exercises designed to rehabilitate deficits in spatial perception and other cognitive functions. The brain and its neural connections are strengthened by the use of the functions that depend on them. So, if we exercise spatial perception frequently, the cerebral connections of the structures involved in perception will be strengthened. Thus, when our eyes send spatial information to the brain and the brain processes it, the connections will be faster and more efficient, improving our spatial perception.

CogniFit is formed by a complete team of professionals specialized in the study of synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis processes. This has allowed the creation of a personalized cognitive stimulation program for each user's needs. This programme begins with a precise assessment of spatial perception and other fundamental cognitive functions. Based on the results of the evaluation, Cognitive Stimulation Program CogniFit automatically offers personalized cognitive training to strengthen perception and other cognitive functions deemed necessary by the evaluation.

Constant and appropriate training is essential to improve spatial perception. CogniFit provides assessment and rehabilitation tools to optimize this cognitive function. For a correct stimulation it is necessary 15 minutes a day, two or three days a week.

CogniFit cognitive stimulation program can be accessed via internet. There is a wide variety of interactive activities, in the form of fun mind games, that can be done by computer. At the end of each session, CogniFit will show a detailed graph with the advance of the cognitive state.


Peretz C, Korczyn AD, Shatil E, Aharonson V, Birnboim S, Giladi N. - Computer-Based, Personalized Cognitive Training versus Classical Computer Games: A Randomized Double-Blind Prospective Trial of Cognitive Stimulation - Neuroepidemiology 2011; 36:91-9.

Korczyn AD, Peretz C, Aharonson V, et al. - Computer based cognitive training with CogniFit improved cognitive performance above the effect of classic computer games: prospective, randomized, double blind intervention study in the elderly. Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association 2007; 3(3):S171.

Shatil E, Korczyn AD, Peretzc C, et al. - Improving cognitive performance in elderly subjects using computerized cognitive training - Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association 2008; 4(4):T492.

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