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Brain Parts And What They Do

Brain Parts And What They Do

The brain is one of the most complex organ in our body. It is comprised of a number of important brain parts which perform different functions. Below you will find a description of brain functions and what different parts of the brain do to perform different aspects.

  • The Spinal Cord - This is the part which carries information from the brain and transmits it to the rest of the body. It can be viewed as the information superhighway of the body.
  • Medulla Oblongata - The part of the brain helps to control automatic functions like breathing, heart rate, digestion, etc. It also functions as a sort of relay station for signals coming to and from the brain.
  • The Pons - This plays a role in your level of arousal, consciousness and sleep. It is also involved controlling automatic body functions.
  • The Cerebellum - This part deals primarily with controlling movement. It helps to control posture and balance as well as helping people to learn movement.
  • Amygdala - This part helps to store and classify emotionally charged memories. It plays a key role in emotions, especially fear.
  • Hippocampus - This part plays a key role in memory formation as well as classifying information and long term memory.
  • The Hypothalamus - This part of the brain controls many bodily functions including appetite, thirst, and sleep. It also plays a role in controlling emotions.
  • The Thalamus - This part is the relay station of the brain. It takes most of the sensory signals such as auditory, visual, and touch and helps it to get processed by other parts of the brain. It also plays a role in motor control.
  • The frontal lobe - This portion of the brain is the primary command and control center of your brain. It is responsible for reasoning and problem solving along with judgment and impulses. It also helps to manage higher emotions such as empathy and generosity. It can also be involved in motor control and memory.
  • The Parietal Lobe - This part of the brain helps to process pain and touch sensation. It is also involved in cognition.
  • The Temporal Lobe - Helps to process sound sensation as well as language. It is also involved in emotion, memory and speech.
  • The Occipital Lobe - Involved in visual sensation and processing. The part which controls and interprets vision resides there.
  • The Corpus Callosum - This part is the neural bridge which connects the two hemispheres of the brain. It is located in the center of the brain.

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