Treatment, Types, and Causes
Stimulation of brain modules specifically used for sleep.
Helps to reduce nocturnal awakenings.
Minimizes the amount of time it take to fall asleep. Try it for free!
How can you beat insomnia? Rigorous scientific studies have proven that the CogniFit brain stimulation program can be an effective, non-pharmacological treatment against insomnia. It may minimize sleep difficulties and helps to overcome sleep disorders.
The program was created by a team of neurologists and cognitive psychologists who investigate and research sleep disorders, and apply the latest discoveries to simple brain exercises that help promote neuroplasticity.
These exercises can be performed online. It only takes 20 minutes 2-3 times per week in order to effectively reduce sleep disorders and insomnia.
The dedicated sleep investigation team at CogniFit has worked to find a non-pharmaceutical solution to help combat insomnia and sleeping problems starting from the inside, teaching the brain to be able to control excessive alertness which prevents us from falling asleep.
The causes of insomnia are in our own mind, and that is where we must intervene in order to effectively combat sleep disorders. Currently, the most common insomnia remedy is the use of sleeping pills, which carry certain risks often and do not treat the very root of the problem. Minimizing their use is essential for improving the quality of life for people with this disorder.
Many professionals recommend CogniFit as an innovative and effective alternative tool for treating insomnia. It has been shown that the cognitive stimulation program achieved significantly higher sleep quality and duration. This is because CogniFit brain exercises activate specific brain cell networks that are related to one's ability to sleep. Training these powerful cognitive skills help you fall asleep more easily and reduce the number of nocturnal awakenings. CogniFit can be an effective, non-pharmaceutical treatment for insomnia that works on the following areas:
Decreases sleep latency: Reduces the time it takes for the subject to fall asleep
Improves sleep efficiency: Decreases sleep disturbances, increasing the quality of sleep.
The efficacy of CogniFit brain training exercises to treat insomnia have been scientifically validated and tested by hospitals, universities, and populations worldwide.
Exercises: How do you treat insomnia?
Personalized evaluation and diagnosis, automatic dysfunction degree detection.
Improves the most deteriorated brain skills.
Strengthens the specific areas related to insomnia.
CogniFit is very easy to use, all you need to do is register in order to receive personalized treatment. Through very simple brain exercises, we conduct an evaluation of the user's cognitive health. The program uses the feedback from the evaluation, and through adaptive algorithms the program is tailored to the specific needs of each person. Try it out.
Why may the CogniFit brain stimulation program be an effective treatment for insomnia?
Numerous studies show the beneficial effects of cognitive stimulation for insomnia treatment. By enhancing certain brain skills, sleep structure can be modified which combats insomnia.
Recent data conclude that people suffering from insomnia have the same pattern of cognitive deficits. The CogniFit brain training exercises to treat insomnia are aimed specifically at cognitive rehabilitation of those weakened skills. Here we discuss how to intervene in the patterns of insomnia:
- working memory: An improvement on this cognitive skill Associated with increased sleep ease. It reduces the time it takes to fall asleep.
Scientific validation: Studies that support the efficacy of cognitive training in the treatment of insomnia
CogniFit's personalized program helps improves quality of sleep (sleep latency+sleep efficiency) in adults who suffer from insomnia. See full study
The evaluation of cognitive abilities through CogniFit permits the detection of the damaging affects of insomnia in determined cognitive functions. See full study.
What is insomnia?
Insomnia is a very common sleep disorder that affects a large portion of the population. Those who are more likely to be affected are the elderly, women, and people with psychological problems such as depression, stress, or anxiety. However, more than 50% of the population experiences some of the symptoms of insomnia at some point in their life.
What is insomnia? The definition of insomnia is literally "lack of sleep at bedtime", which consists of problems falling asleep and, although it can occur in different ways, is often characterized by the following:
Difficulty sleeping or difficulty falling asleep. Takes more than 30 minutes to fall asleep.
Trouble staying asleep throughout the night.Experiencing night-time awakenings that last longer than 30 minutes.
Early wake up.Causing insufficient sleep time (less than 6 hours of sleep).
Reduced recovery sleep after periods of little sleep.
Progressive decrease of noise necessary to wake up.Very light sleep.
If these symptoms occur occasionally, three weeks to a month, this would be a case of occasional or transient insomnia. However, if symptoms persist over time, it would be a case of chronic insomnia.
Insomnia has very negative effects on our health and mental performance. Lack of sleep and sleeplessness has very clear consequences throughout the day, little or poor sleep causes weakness, drowsiness, mood swings, irritability, etc...
Early detection of these symptoms is essential to receiving the right treatment, it is important to be proactive in order to help minimize potential negative effects of the disorder. Many professionals recommend testing the CognFit brain stimulation program, as it is a scientifically proven treatment for insomnia that does not require the use of sleeping pills.
Why do we need sleep?
Sleep is one of the basic human needs. We need to sleep because sleep regenerates the brain, cleans short-term memory, and knowledge gained throughout the day is processed so that it can be stored. To keep your brain awake and functioning properly for 16 hours, you need 6 to 8 hours of sleep (depending on individual characteristics).
Numerous studies have looked at how sleep is involved in learning, we need sleep because as we rest, our brain consolidates and strengthens new concepts and memories.
If we do not get enough sleep or do not sleep well, our mental functions are affected: we are slow, have low energy, and will have problems performing physically and intellectually. A sleepless night reduces nearly 40% of the ability to assimilate knowledge, so not relaxing properly exposes us to significant memory loss.
When the brain is rested, hormone production is balanced. This helps raise our levels of creativity and imagination, increase our ability to solve problems effectively, and protect us from infection, as the immune system also regenerates as we sleep.
Consequences of insomnia
The affects of insomnia last for 24 hours of day. As most people who suffer already know, lack of sleep can be torturous and can affect quality of life. Sleep deprivation has negative consequences on the body, brain function and performance in everyday life. Moreover, these consequences are visible to both the person who suffer from it and for those around him or her, so it deeply affects our day-to-day lives. Lack of sleep causes changes in our body. While at first the affects are mild, they continue to worsen and can eventually become a very serious disorder. It is essential to be alert and act on early symptoms. Currently there are very effective non-pharmacological sleep treatments that can help minimize the consequences of insomnia by addressing the root problem.
Main consequences of insomnia:
- Decreased awareness
- Lowered ability to react to stimuli
- Loss of concentration
- Slow motor response, reduced coordination
- Difficulty making good decisions
- Slow reflexes
- Delay in processing information
- Severe changes in mood
- Drowsiness, tiredness, and weakness throughout the day
- Inability to feel excited or happy
- Less alert and inability to effectively solve problems
- Reduction in creativity
- Decrease in fluidity of speech
- Having problems finding the right words when expressing oneself
- Inability to feel active throughout the day
- Muscle weakness and pain
- Vision may become blurred if the eyes are not well rested
- Stress and increased levels of stress
Types of Insomnia
Types of insomnia based on their cause:
Primary insomnia type: These are cases where you cannot clearly identify the cause of the disorder because is not associated with other diseases. It may be related to certain personality traits or coping styles.
Secondary insomnia type: This type of insomnia is due to an identifiable cause. It appears as a result of other diseases or problems: a mental disorder, substance use or drugs (caffeine, alcohol...), the existence of environmental problems (noise, light, high or low temperature...), or stress (family problems, work, economic difficulties, schedule changes …). In order to treat secondary insomnia it is essential to act on the initial cause, the origin of insomnia. But sometimes even if the initial cause is resolved, the person has entered into a cycle of sleep anxiety and fear of being unable to sleep, which worsens the situation. The painful thought of not sleeping activates the brain and reduces sleep options. People who go a few nights without sleeping properly, but are not overly concerned with it will probably never develop a chronic insomnia type. Instead, the person who sleeps poorly during any consecutive night and worries excessively about having another sleepless night may enter into a vicious circle that often becomes difficult to get out of. These cases usually occur in demanding people and perfectionists, people who are used to have everything under control, and those who are prone to worry.
Types of insomnia depending on duration
Transient insomnia:These cases usually last less than one week. It may be due to multiple factors. For example, a change in amount or place of sleep, situational stress, new shifts at work, long trips or jet lag, substances such as drugs, alcohol, caffeine …
Acute or short term insomnia: This can last from one to four weeks and may happen due to multiple factors such as stages of stress, anxiety, emotional disturbance, physical pain, etc.
Chronic insomnia: This type of insomnia does not develop overnight. It is almost always preceded by stages of short-term insomnia. It may be caused by physical or psychiatric chronic diseases, and lasts four weeks or more. It is the most serious type of insomnia.
Types of insomnia depending on the time of night when it occurs:
Initial or conciliation insomnia type: Problems falling asleep in less than 30 minutes. It usually occurs in young people and the most common causes are usually psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, substance abuse or medical problems.
Maintenance insomnia type: Difficulties maintaining sleep throughout the entire night. Awakenings that last often over 30 minutes long or frequent sleep interruptions preventing a restful sleep. This kind of insomnia generally occurs in cases with medical and psychological problems linked to aging. As we age, our sleep structure changes and causes us to wake up earlier and have trouble falling asleep. This is often linked to the loss of certain cognitive skills.
Early awakening insomnia type: Occurs when the final wake up occurs earlier than usual, significantly reducing the amount of rest
Causes of Insomnia
There are many causes of insomnia, these are some of the most common:
Physiological and external causes:Driven largely by our lifestyle and environmental factors. Sleep quality depends largely on our sleep habits and routines. Bedtime each day at a different time and having an unhealthy lifestyle (consuming substances which keep you awake, such as alcohol or other drugs...), no exercise, heavy dinners and difficult digestion, etc. can cause us to sleep poorly and suffer from sleeplessness.
Medical causes:There are some medical causes that may precipitate one to suffer from insomnia. Pains, diseases that cause difficulty breathing, urological disorders, pregnancy and menopause, endocrine disorders, metabolic illness, neurological disease, infections, headaches, etc.
Psychological causes:Feelings, emotions, and thoughts are stimulants to the brain, so stress or other personal events can induce insomnia.
Psychiatric causes:Depression, anxiety, anorexia nervosa...
Physiological causes:Aging causes changes in our cognitive abilities and neural pathways, altering our sleep structure. Because of this, as we age, we often sleep less and not as well.
Drug-induced causes:drugs, hormones, stimulants, steroids, antidepressants....
Prevention and remedies for insomnia
What can we do to prevent and cure insomnia? If we experience any type of problem sleeping it is important to detect what the main cause of the disorder is. This means that we must analyze our habits and correct them if there is a factor that can be improved. It is also important that we try to modify our negative thoughts, as the only purpose they serve is to activate the mind, which ultimately exacerbates the problem.
Prevention and remedies to fight against insomnia: Ideas for your routine.
Regular bedtime and wake up:Many times people with insomnia tend to stay up late and sleep throughout the morning. Try to keep a regular schedule and be consistent. If the person is not used to this, it can seem difficult at first, but if we want to combat insomnia we have to try to keep a regular sleep schedule.
Remove naps:Do not catch up on sleep during the day as it could aggravate insomnia at night.
Be active:It is advisable to exercise, the body will be more tired which will likely encourage sleep. However, avoid exercising in the evening, as the excess stimulation can activate the brain.
Light dinner: It is not recommended to eat excessively at night because digestion can be complicated, which can make sleeping harder. It is important to not go to bed hungry either, so we must find a middle-ground.
Avoid drinks with sugar or caffeine: You should try to avoid drinking coffee, tea, alcohol, or energy drinks. If you do, avoid drinking it in the afternoon.
Do not perform stressful activities before bed:This can cause an overactive brain.
Encourage relaxing activities: Meditation, relaxation methods, taking a warm bath, listening to soft music, etc. any activity that makes you feel good and peaceful.
Do no use your cell phone, computer, or tablet for at least one hour before bedtime: Many studies have shown that the light that these devices emit interrupts the circadian rhythm, making it more difficult to sleep and reducing REM sleep phase.
Do not use the bed to eat, watch TV, or read: Associate the bed with sleeping and relaxing.
Going to bed only when you feel drowsy: If you go to bed without feeling sleepy, you will likely not fall asleep, which makes you more frustrated.
Get out of bed if you cannot sleep: Avoid frustration. If you cannot sleep after 10-15 minutes, get out of bed and do something else .
Do not watch the clock throughout the night: If you are trying to sleep but are having difficulties sleeping, looking at the time makes you more frustrated.
Train your brain: Stimulating cognitive skills associated with sleep architecture can effectively help combat insomnia. It is an innovative non-drug treatment with multiple benefits for brain health.
If the problem persists, please consult a professional: Never take sleeping pills without telling your doctor.
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